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stereotype threat consequences vulnerable situations mechanisms reduce criticisms unresolved issues
Roberson, Deitch, Brief, & Block, 2003

This correlational study examined stereotype threat in workplace settings, focusing on the impact of solo status. A total of 166 African-American members of an association for African-American professionals in utility industries responded to a survey on work experiences and attitudes. Individuals who were the sole minority in their department reported experiencing a greater degree of stereotype threat in the work environment. In addition, stereotype threat affected feedback monitoring such that individuals experiencing higher degrees of stereotype threat were more likely to compare themselves with peers, to observe what behaviors are rewarded to modify their own performance, to notice how they were treated by their manager and the characteristics of people who are rewarded by their manager, and to pay attention to interactions with peers, feedback from others, and casual remarks. Stereotype threat also predicted feedback discounting, so that African-Americans who experienced stereotype threat were more likely to dismiss feedback they received, to doubt its accuracy, and to question the motivations of the feedback source. This study highlights some of the real-world implications of stereotype threat that arise from solo status.

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