This study examined emotional responses following performance on a
math task as a function of stereotype threat. Male
and female German high school students completed a difficult
math task under one of two conditions. Whereas half of the
students were told that the task tends to produce gender
differences with men outperforming women (stereotype
threat for women), the other half were told
that there were no gender differences on the task (control).
Consistent with previous stereotype threat findings,
boys and girls performed equivalently when gender
differences were not mentioned, but girls performed
worse than boys under stereotype threat. Girls
under stereotype threat were more likely to
show evidence of dejection following performance (i.e.,
endorse emotional terms "disappointed," "frustrated,"
and "sad"), and those emotions predicted performance on
the test. Stereotype threat did not affect perceived
performance, however, suggesting that emotions produced
rather than resulted from poor performance.
Back to top | Previous